Simply put, there are inherent aspects, features and possibilities in a face-to-face interview that cannot be captured or replicated by any other method.
While conducting these interviews, moderators can connect with participants by showing that they understand what the participant is feeling.
Face-to-Face Interview Con 2: Deviance in the dark. As both the methods have their pros and cons, it cannot be said which method is best, i. This also leads to the advantage that the interviewee is more spontaneous in his response and does not deliberate too long.
A type of interview, wherein there is a face to face question-answer session between the interviewer and interviewee, is conducted. Some cultures, like for example Arab cultures have much resistance against the setting-up of such communicative media.
Sociological Research Online, 2 2. With telephone, interviewers can interview people living or working in war zones, or sites where diseases are rife, without needing to grapple with the danger—and the bureaucracy—of visiting the area. Communication Research, 21, It is notable that strong feelings, like anger, are reflected directly in the USA and Western European culture, whereas the Japanese emoticons reflect more subtle alternatives for these feelings.
Face-to-Face Interview Con 1: Diagram 2 shows clearly, that emoticons are not universal AOKI, It cannot be assumed that these emoticons will be interpreted in a manner as meant by the interviewer.
The questionnaire provides fact-based information to the respondents. Structured interviews do not require the development of rapport between interviewer and interviewee, and they can produce consistent data that can be compared across a number of respondents.
But direct recording also brings with it the danger of not taking any notes during the interview. It also gives the moderator a chance to ask the participant further questions about unexpected results. Conversely, analytical information can be gathered through interviews.
Because of this also the use of MSN messenger etc. Social cues, such as voice, intonation, body language etc. In the case of specific studies such as ethnographies, moderators can actually observe how an individual is performing specific tasks and interact with them about the experience.
As already mentioned, if the interviewee is seen as a subject, and as an irreplaceable person, from whom the interviewer wants to have his or her opinion for example about the labour union, then social cues are very important.Qualitative researchers generally rely on face-to-face interviewing when conducting semi-structured and in-depth interviews.
Conducting an inter-view by telephone typically is seen as appropriate only for short (Harvey, ), structured interviews (Fontana and Frey, ) or in very specific situations (Rubin and Rubin, ). A comparison of problem identification interviews conducted face-to-face and via videoconferencing using the consultation analysis record A comparison of face-to-face and remote observations of graduate interns.
Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 27 (), pp./ RCLS Chapter 9 and STUDY.
PLAY. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of the telephone interview as compared to the face-to-face interview? is an inductive approach to the study of social life that involves the constant comparison of unfolding observations.
In face-to-face interviews, a great moderator can make a world of difference, especially when it comes to empathy & personal interaction. While conducting these interviews, moderators can connect with participants by showing that they understand what the participant is feeling. Structured interviews are, therefore, best used when the literature in a topical area is highly developed or following the use of observational and other less structured interviewing approaches that provide the researcher with adequate understanding of a topic to construct meaningful and relevant close-ended questions.
Irvine, A., Drew, P., & Sainsbury, R. Mode effects in qualitative interviews: a comparison of semi-structured face-to-face and telephone interviews using conversation analysis Vancouver Irvine A, Drew P, Sainsbury R.Download