The theory of the mean is open to several objections, but before considering them, we should recognize that in fact there are two distinct theses each of which might be called a doctrine of the mean.
But surely many other problems that confront a virtuous agent are not susceptible to this quantitative analysis. And in order to achieve those proportions, the elements had also to occupy their rightful place, for some categories are more important than others. Second, Aristotle is willing to say that what seems pleasant to some people may in fact not be pleasant b31—2just as what tastes bitter to an unhealthy palate may not be bitter.
Perhaps such a project could be carried out, but Aristotle himself does not attempt to do so. Book VII does not say, but in Book X, Aristotle holds that the selection of pleasures is not to be made with reference to pleasure itself, but with reference to the activities they accompany.
In one of several important methodological remarks he makes near the beginning of the Nicomachean Ethics, he says that in order to profit from the sort of study he is undertaking, one must already have been brought up in good habits b4—6.
Preliminaries Aristotle wrote two ethical treatises: He does not fully address this issue, but it is evident from several of his remarks in Book VI that he takes theoretical wisdom to be a more valuable state of mind than practical wisdom. The word fable Aristotle defines as "the composition of incidents.
The more important question for Aristotle is why one needs to be on the giving end of this relationship. Matter languagerhythmand melodyfor Aristotle, make up the matter of poetic creation.
It is important to keep in mind that the passage from form to matter within nature is a movement towards ends or purposes. However, epic poetry can be longer than tragedy, and because it is not performed, it can deal with more fantastic action with a much wider scope.
It ranges over topics discussed more fully in the other two works and its point of view is similar to theirs. His short book is somewhat the stage on which all such thoughts have been acted out. But once his act has been completed, he regrets what he has done.
Since both the character of the hero and the plot must have logical consistency, Aristotle concludes that the untying of the plot must follow as a necessary consequence of the plot and not from stage artifice, like a deus ex machina a machine used in some plays, in which an actor playing one of the gods was lowered onto the stage at the end.
For when we know how to benefit a friend for his sake, we exercise the ethical virtues, and this is precisely what our happiness consists in. If it has more concentrated effect, it is more pleasurable than one with a large admixture of time to dilute it. Aristotle holds that a happy life must include pleasure, and he therefore opposes those who argue that pleasure is by its nature bad.(Not all of the Eudemian Ethics was revised: its Books IV, V, and VI re-appear as V, VI, VII of the Nicomachean Ethics.) Perhaps the most telling indication of this ordering is that in several instances the Nicomachean Ethics develops a.
A summary of Poetics in 's Aristotle (– B.C.). Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Aristotle (– B.C.) and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Moreover, epic might have had only literary exponents, but as Plato's Ion and Aristotle's Ch 26 of the Poetics help prove, for Plato and Aristotle at least some epic rhapsodes used all three means of mimesis: language, dance (as pantomimic gesture), and music (if only by chanting the words).Author: Aristotle.
In the case of drama, Aristotle's words in The Poetics have set the standard, to the extent that there has in the western world not been any theory of the drama, or discussion of its structure and inner workings, without reference to Aristotle - in all periods when the Poetics was known.
His short book is somewhat the stage on which all such thoughts Nationality: Swedish. Aristotle examines the concepts of substance (ousia) and essence (to ti ên einai, "the what it was to be") in his Metaphysics (Book VII), and he concludes that a particular substance is a combination of both matter and form, a School: Peripatetic school, Aristotelianism.
Art is defined by Aristotle as the realization in external form of a true idea, and is traced back to that natural love of imitation which characterizes humans, and to the pleasure which we feel in recognizing likenesses.
Art however is not limited to mere copying.Download